The toenails in the feet could have a lot of different disorders which will affect them and become very painful. The toenails are the subject of lots of force and load from shoes and everyday living. All of them get knocked around a great deal as well as get things dropped on them a lot. It is no surprise that you have a lot of problems that podiatry practitioners see in their patients with problems of the toenails.
The ingrown nail is just about the well-known painful problem with the foot. This occurs if a corner of the toenail penetrates the skin and establishes an inflammatory reaction. This is often usually because of a rounded shape to the nail and a inadequate toe nail trimming technique which leaves a pointy edge. A skilled podiatric physician can readily do away with that offending section of toe nail and provide nearly immediate comfort with this. Having said that, the problem does have a tendency to be recurrent, thus a minor operation to eradicate the edge of the toe nail should be thought about.
Probably one of the most common causes of pain about the nails can be a disorder that is technically known as onychophosis. This is when there's a lot of pressure down the edges of the nail which in turn causes a callus to develop within the toe nail groove. This callus or onychophosis gets so thick which it becomes painful. This is regularly mistaken for an ingrown toe nail. This sort of disorder needs the specialist competencies of a podiatric doctor to painstakingly eliminate the callus from the nail plate groove and also file the nail away from the uncomfortable location. Long term if the onychophosis can be an ongoing issue a minor operative treatment to clear out the edge of the toe nail can be performed.
Injury to a toe nail plate such a repeated banging with the toe towards the end of the shoe or the one-time trauma of, for example, dropping a heavy object on the foot may lead to a misshaped nail plate that grows in a distorted shape. The scientific period with this is onychogryphosis. After the toe nails starts to develop like this, it can not be restored. The only way to handle this is to on a regular basis file the toenail, most likely by a podiatry practitioner or even to have the nail plate completely removed by minimal surgical treatment.
One more very common problem with the toenails is a tinea or onychomycosis that causes the toenail to take on a white or yellowish colour that might crumble and become distorted. The specific magnitude of distortion of the nail along with what color it becomes can be determined by the actual fungus that infects the nail plate. However for our feet fungi love darkness and humidity and that's the exact atmosphere you have with the feet when it is in footwear. This inhospitable atmosphere definitely makes the treatments hard. Commonly, the treatment involves regular reduction of the toenail plate and the utilization of a topical agent so that they can stop the development of the bug. Other available choices include lasers or oral drugs. Treatments could last many months and a lot do often happen again.